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Exclamation mark

Bash builtin to substitute with a command found in history. More information:

  • Substitute with the previous command and run it with sudo:

sudo !!

  • Substitute with a command based on its line number found with history:


  • Substitute with a command that was used a specified number of lines back:


  • Substitute with the most recent command that starts with a string:


  • Substitute with the arguments of the latest command:

{{command}} !*

  • Substitute with the last argument of the latest command:

{{command}} !$