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grep

Find patterns in files using regular expressions. More information: https://www.gnu.org/software/grep/manual/grep.html.

  • Search for a pattern within a file:

grep "{{search_pattern}}" {{path/to/file}}

  • Search for an exact string (disables regular expressions):

grep --fixed-strings "{{exact_string}}" {{path/to/file}}

  • Search for a pattern in all files recursively in a directory, showing line numbers of matches, ignoring binary files:

grep --recursive --line-number --binary-files={{without-match}} "{{search_pattern}}" {{path/to/directory}}

  • Use extended regular expressions (supports ?, +, {}, () and |), in case-insensitive mode:

grep --extended-regexp --ignore-case "{{search_pattern}}" {{path/to/file}}

  • Print 3 lines of context around, before, or after each match:

grep --{{context|before-context|after-context}}={{3}} "{{search_pattern}}" {{path/to/file}}

  • Print file name and line number for each match:

grep --with-filename --line-number "{{search_pattern}}" {{path/to/file}}

  • Search for lines matching a pattern, printing only the matched text:

grep --only-matching "{{search_pattern}}" {{path/to/file}}

  • Search stdin for lines that do not match a pattern:

cat {{path/to/file}} | grep --invert-match "{{search_pattern}}"