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Generate SSH keys used for authentication, password-less logins, and other things. More information:

  • Generate a key interactively:


  • Generate an ed25519 key with 32 key derivation function rounds and save the key to a specific file:

ssh-keygen -t {{ed25519}} -a {{32}} -f {{~/.ssh/filename}}

  • Generate an RSA 4096-bit key with email as a comment:

ssh-keygen -t {{rsa}} -b {{4096}} -C "{{comment|email}}"

  • Remove the keys of a host from the known_hosts file (useful when a known host has a new key):

ssh-keygen -R {{remote_host}}

  • Retrieve the fingerprint of a key in MD5 Hex:

ssh-keygen -l -E {{md5}} -f {{~/.ssh/filename}}

  • Change the password of a key:

ssh-keygen -p -f {{~/.ssh/filename}}

  • Change the type of the key format (for example from OPENSSH format to PEM), the file will be rewritten in-place:

ssh-keygen -p -N "" -m {{PEM}} -f {{~/.ssh/OpenSSH_private_key}}

  • Retrieve public key from secret key:

ssh-keygen -y -f {{~/.ssh/OpenSSH_private_key}}