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aptitude

Debian and Ubuntu package management utility. More information: https://manpages.debian.org/latest/aptitude/aptitude.8.html.

  • Synchronize list of packages and versions available. This should be run first, before running subsequent aptitude commands:

aptitude update

  • Install a new package and its dependencies:

aptitude install {{package}}

  • Search for a package:

aptitude search {{package}}

  • Search for an installed package (?installed is an aptitude search term):

aptitude search '?installed({{package}})'

  • Remove a package and all packages depending on it:

aptitude remove {{package}}

  • Upgrade installed packages to newest available versions:

aptitude upgrade

  • Upgrade installed packages (like aptitude upgrade) including removing obsolete packages and installing additional packages to meet new package dependencies:

aptitude full-upgrade

  • Put an installed package on hold to prevent it from being automatically upgraded:

aptitude hold '?installed({{package}})'