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journalctl

Query the systemd journal.

  • Show all messages from this [b]oot:

journalctl -b

  • Show all messages from last [b]oot:

journalctl -b -1

  • Show all messages with priority level 3 (errors) from this [b]oot:

journalctl -b --priority={{3}}

  • [f]ollow new messages (like tail -f for traditional syslog):

journalctl -f

  • Show all messages by a specific [u]nit:

journalctl -u {{unit}}

  • Filter messages within a time range (either timestamp or placeholders like "yesterday"):

journalctl --since {{now|today|yesterday|tomorrow}} --until {{YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS}}

  • Show all messages by a specific process:

journalctl _PID={{pid}}

  • Show all messages by a specific executable:

journalctl {{path/to/executable}}